Talayotic Heritage

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 Prehistoric Menorca is known as Talayotic Menorca, and is being considered for inclusion in UNESCO’s World Heritage list.

The many archaeological remains are an indication of how the earliest inhabitants shaped the landscape and heritage of Menorca. The Talayotic culture is quite different from other contemporaneous cultures of the western Mediterranean basin, being characterised by unique elements such as taulas, for example, which are found exclusively on the island of Menorca.

Archaeological evidence suggests that, by around the 14th century BC, a socioeconomic evolution started to take place. The local population was gradually increasing, the communities were getting larger, leading to a more stratified society: the Talayotic culture. Talayotic villages, found mainly across the southern half of the island, were most probably built over previous settlements. These villages differed in size, and the way they were distributed (larger villages with smaller ones close by), suggests that the more substantial villages dominated the area, while the smaller ones were like satellite villages. This is the case for example in Torre den Galmés, which is to date the largest Talayotic settlement in the Balearic Islands.