about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
 
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
  Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
 
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.Municipal Museum of Ciutadella This is a local museum belonging to the Ciutadella town council. It contains a comprehensive selection of ethnological objects as well as a significant archaeological collection that includes important finds discovered in the caves Cova des Mussol and Cova des Càrritx.
The museum was originally established in the historical building Bastió de sa Font until 2018. The museum collection was moved to Can Saura (Carrer del Santíssim, 2) in 2019. Can Saura is an aristocratic town house dating back to the late 17th and early 18th century that now belongs to the Town Council.
Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
The Torelló settlement was one of the largest in the municipal area of Maó. It is especially well known for the spectacular talaiot (called the Talayot of Torellonet Vell) which is interesting because at the top of the tower you can still see the original doorway and the lintel above it, both of which date from the Talayotic period (1000-700 B.C.).The Torelló talayot The Torelló settlement was one of the largest in the municipal area of Maó. It is especially well known for the spectacular talaiot (called the Talayot of Torellonet Vell) which is interesting because at the top of the tower you can still see the original doorway and the lintel above it, both of which date from the Talayotic period (1000-700 B.C.). Read more
 
  Next


 
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
Concert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Menorca Aim: Photography WorkshopChristmas program in AlaiorCarmen Morente, bailaora
Durny Sweet in concertViejóvenesConcert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauSeminar: "EL clima del segle XXI"Concert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Marina Rossell in concertConcert: "Dues Pedres"Cor de l'Orfeó Maonès Illes Balears celebration day 2015Christmas program in Es MigjornSmooth SoulFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezConcert: Rita BarberNight Market in FerreriesLa IAIA in concertConcert: Margalida MollNew Year Concert"Vino y Besos a crédito"Convert: Kiev Portell"De Llevant a Ponent" - Maó"Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Kiko VenenoPOP ConcertXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed FairLove Party 2013Mercat de nit artesà- AlaiorFort Marlborough VisitThe best Tribute to QueenShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Es Migjorn Band concertPascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"Forum de Turismo y GastronomíaJaume Tugores Trios concert13th Night Market CraftsmanQuartet Gerhard"Herodes, Rei""Doce hombres sin piedad"Concert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoDimarts as MigjornThe Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributeMahón walking tourDon Juan TenorioGospel GrooveGastronomic days in Es MercadalDolça Sodoma mevaRosario Flores in concertSiniestro TotalConcert: Lluis SintesLazareto guided tours"Las dunas"Elkano Browning Cream"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""De Llevant a Ponent" - Ciutadella"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Sofia Ribeiro GroupTrio "Arrels"Show: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec""Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran FeleABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOWBodas de SangreChristmas ConcertDía Mundial de la TapaVaca' Street ArtChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014"Mostra de cuina menorquina"PNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania ContemporàniaPainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"Guided tour in s'Albufera des GrauLatin-jazz and sour concertPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and Pablo"Vi de la Terra" Fair S'Albufera des Grau walking tourAmantesChristmas ConcertMarinaSpanish Guitar RecitalsCarlos Mena and Susana García de Salazar"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Edgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisationFornells Walking tourXXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaInternational Museum DayAlairePink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertQuè ens està passant?Menorca Craft beer fair Agustín "El Casta""Mascles"TUTTO VERDI ConcertUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoWorld Dance DayGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Guided visits in Centre Artesal de MenorcaChristmas program in FerreriesChristmas program in Es CastellFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés MenorkidsEl Estanque DoradoVII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS"Chamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Concert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosUn món de sonsHistoric Performance Cultural RouteMusic on the streetTremendamenteCenicientaEl TrocaderoConcert: Arrels de MenorcaChristmas program in Es Mercadal and Fornells"Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela"U2 ExperienceLa núvia d’AlgendarCala en Porter Fiestas Concert: Anthony WellingtonVandalisConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic"Souvenir Orquestra- Pepino Pascual"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"El pou de na PatarràTaller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalOpera and Light Opera concert“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)Concert: Olga RománConcert: Quintet FrontelaEnsemble MéridienDivinas presenta ParadísMahón MedievalExhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp"II Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysTaller documental: DOC- MÈDITLlatzeret a les teves mans. The Anniversary of Lazareto. Don't miss out!"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalUIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"Concert of Light OperaSanti Millán Live!Menorca Aim: Photography WorkshopNight Market in AlaiorChristmas program in MahónPainting Exhibition: A. López NavarroExhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Francesc d'Albarnca 2014 Route"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" ConcertRed ArrowsChristmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014Taller documental: DOC- MÈDITTrending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaMaó+ FlorsYacine & The Oriental Groove in concert"Aladín, Un musical genial" Fridays lent menu!Forum ONLINERS- MenorcaDavid Bisbal in concertNits de Música al CarrerConcert: "Trio Barroc"I Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaConference with Ramon GenerRecital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente FerrerAlbert Pla & Diego CortésSara Pi in concertGigi McFarlane in concertMagic Show: IlusiónII Ruta Mô de "tapas"BinisoundThe Nutcracker SuiteWorld Tourism DayMercat de nit - FerreriesXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaEl superbarber de Sevilla"Nits Màgiques" in Es Castell"El pou de na Patarrà" Concert" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" CourseParty Love in Sant Climent" SA CARTA "Jungle Book, the musicalJosé Domingo in concertVeus per Sant Joan del Vergers"Cosmètica natural artesana""Nits al Port"X Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Cris Juanico ConcertCiutadella Monuments ItinerayOrquestra Simpfònica de les Illes Balears in concertTaxiVíctor Ullate BalletUIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetConcert: "Txarango"Concert: Joana Pons i Ses GuiterresDe Verden CuandoSpring ConcertMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaRita Barber concertII Forum Menorca- Toni NadalPedra Viva 2015- LithicaCala en Porter FiestasMatthew McDaid in concertCarlos Latre ShowCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowPels PèlsLa plaza del Diamante con LolitaShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"Christmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014Gastronomic days: "de Peix"New Year ConcertROSANA- Gira 8 Lunas"Nits de música al carrer" 2015Organ concertII Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoCafé Soul QuartetConcert: RUT66Sherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágico"Diada del poble de Menorca"Christmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Opera ConcertOlivia y Eugenio Fira del Camp de MenorcaThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC Tribute"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: Olga RománDavid GuapoLazareto guided tours 2015XI Tapas Route in Es CastellMostra de cuina menorquina"Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistLazareto Island guided visits 2013HeidiThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertGastronomic Fair "GastroMô"Hécuba1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014"Ilusión"Miguel Poveda, singer-song writer"Dimarts as Migjorn""Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano"Music & Painting Fusion II"Els dimecres es dia de Brou""Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" ShowContemporary Jazz ConcertKnowing the sea kayakingGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsUIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"Concert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaConcert: Nicola Benedetti, violin"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CourseTaller: Ocells de tardor"Cafe Concert"The GagfatherCarmen"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFMenorca Conquest "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertConcert: Dulce PontesSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCEMoon RiverEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaConcert: "De Camí a Betlem"Pablo Alborán in concertM-SONA Festival"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Celebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Opera: La TraviataOpen Doors Day at Fort MarlboroughFidewá + Dj Flowers ConcertChamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)Guided Visits around Es MercadalFernando SavaterVilallonga-PalatchiExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"Muchachito y sus compadresShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayTomeu Penya concertMonologue: Sara EscuderoGospel Concert: Moments a CorWorld Tourism Day"Moments a Cor" concertIX Feria del Libro en CatalánTapas x MenorcaSpanish guitar recitalsStabat Mater i Quintet de CordaGran MigjornaleDance: "Para raptar abarzos"Concert: Josu OkiñenaLa Vie, L'amour concertTapas x MenorcaExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls"Tapas day"Nits al Port de Mo""Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Mostra de Cuina MenorquinaChristmas program in Alaior 2013/2014Carmen MorenteAndrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupCabosanroque- Cabo and RoqueTapas x MenorcaDavid Russell in concertSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatreConcert: "Estàndards amb GlacéMèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of Menorca "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies"Els EnamoratsFeria de Abril in Es CastellChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Exhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017"Motorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaTheater: Tres días de diciembreThe Mimmisikous BandNit de Sant AntoniDeep Purple Tribute"El dia Més Curt"The British FairLove of Lesbian in concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: "Trio Barroc"Kayak tour in s'Albufera des Grau"Menorca en el plato"Marili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidasHistoric Performance Cultural RouteDon Juan TenorioRamon Coll ConcertLa Bella HelenaLUZ CASAL in concertBroadway Festival Alaior 2013Ciutadella walking tourNON STOP GospelJoana Pons y sus guitarras concertSummer ConcertMusica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaPatricia KrausMIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLE3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCETapas x Menorca"Fira del Llibre en català""Menorca en el Plato"Tourism International DayRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca Británica
More...
Menorca Cultural
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON