about
Information about Menorca
explore
Things to see and do
information
Information of general interest
Buscar
Ingles
 
Español Catalán Alemán Frances Italiano
  Minorca Talayotic - World Heritage Nomination
Bienvenidos
Menorca Cultural
Menorca tourism official website
 
Share:   Publicar en facebook  Publicar en twitter

Talayotic Route

The earliest traces of human occupation date from 2100 B.C. Since that time up to the arrival of the Romans in 123 B.C., the island’s Prehistory unfolded in various stages. One of Menorca's most emblematic buildings, found only on the island, are the “navetas”, collective burial monuments containing up to a hundred individuals together with their grave goods, like the Es Tudons naveta near Ciutadella, with remains dating back mainly to the 9th century B.C. The “talayots”, conical dry stone towers, were built between 1000 and 700 B.C. Their main purpose was to keep watch over the surrounding area, as well as to provide a focal point for the communities living around them. During this time, known as the Talayotic period, burial caves were dug out of the cliffs in coves and ravines like the Calascoves necropolis near Alaior. The oldest are small, rounded or oval-shaped and are located in elevated areas that are difficult to reach. The post-Talayotic period started in 650 B.C. This was the time when the “taula” sanctuaries, Menorca’s most unique and distinctive constructions, were built. The enclosures are built on a horseshoe-shaped base with a concave front. They were used for human and soil fertility rituals, involving the sacrifice of domestic animals, wine libations and the symbolic breakage of amphorae.
Evidence shows that fire played a ritual and symbolic role in all these monuments. The circular houses built in the settlements were about 75-79 square metres in size. The largest known dwelling of this kind is the “Círculo Cartailhac” in the Torre d'en Galmés settlement in Alaior and dates from the 2nd century B.C. The occupants cooked, did their weaving, made cheese and milled cereal all under the same roof. The houses consisted of a central patio area, rooms with dividing doorways, a fireplace and a larder. They were built from large blocks of stone and the roof was made of wooden beams, earth and small stones. The building attached to one side of the houses is known as the hypostyle room because of the huge interlinked stone slabs forming the roof and held up by pillars. It was used as a store.
The islanders made their own handcrafted pottery using rudimentary ovens and they also produced bronze tools and utensils. They did not use coins for trading and they left no markings or rock paintings. They had no use for gold or silver as their most valuable items were made of bronze and iron. In their earliest period they built strong trading bonds with Central Europe and later with commercial cities along the Mediterranean coast.


  Next
The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.Naveta des Tudons The Es Tudons naveta is Menorca’s most famous burial monument and is a type of tomb found only on the island. It was built using the Cyclopean technique, meaning that medium sized stones were used and they were fitted together using a dry stone walling method, with no mortar. During an archaeological dig carried out in the 1960s, led by Menorcan archaeologist María Lluïsa Serra, the scattered skeletons of a hundred individuals of both genders and all ages were discovered, many of which dated back to the 9th century B.C.
Detail of the gap that have appeared over time in the naveta roof,
which consists of flat stone slabs.

Inside the naveta. You can see how it is split into two levels separated by stone slabs.

View of the upper chamber of the naveta, showing the different types of stone used to build it: smaller and evenly-shaped for the walls and large flat slabs for the roof and the upper floor.

View of the entrance door from inside the lower chamber. You can see the stone slabs separating the two floors.

Some of the burial goods found in the naveta during archaeological excavation work. They are on display in the Museum of Menorca in Maó.
Read more
 
An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control.Calescoves necropolis An emblematic and spectacular prehistoric necropolis, both for its setting and for the large number of tombs in it. They take the form of a set of cavities excavated from the rock walls of the ravines and coastal cliff faces (about 90 altogether), used by local communities to bury their dead. Several types of cave have been documented. The necropolis was used for about 1000 years, from the 11th century B.C. up until the Romans took control. Read more
 
The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).Trepucó talayotic settlement The settlement of Trepucó is one of the largest on the island, covering an area of around 49,240 square metres. Today, only a small part of the site can still be seen, the two oldest buildings, the talaiots (1000-700 B.C.). Other remains include parts of the wall, two square towers on the west wall, the taula enclosure and traces of dwellings from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.).
The taula enclosure is one of the biggest on the island, despite having been subjected to what, by today’s standards, would be considered clumsy restoration work. This is one of the sites excavated around 1930 by Margaret Murray, a British archaeologist who was a pioneer of scientific research on Prehistoric Menorca.
Read more
 
The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display.
The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Municipal Museum of Ciutadella The Municipal Museum of Ciutadella – Bastió de sa Font, is a general history and archaeological museum with a permanent exhibition on the history of Ciutadella and of the island itself from prehistoric times through to the Muslim era and the arrival of king Alfonso III in 1287. Visitors can take a tour through the island's various historical periods, represented by the archaeological remains and artefacts on display. The Historic and Artistic Museum of Ciutadella was officially opened in 1935 on the ground floor of the Town Hall. Read more
 
Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.). Torre d'en Galmés talayotic settlement Torre d’en Galmés is the largest settlement in Menorca, covering 66,240 m2. Its hilltop location made it the ideal spot for keeping watch over the land on most of the island's south coast. In chronological terms, it was occupied from the Naviforme period (1700-1400 B.C.), and you can still see an underground chamber from this period near the area where water was collected, right through until the late Roman era, although some remains have been found from the Islamic era (12th century A.D.).
The site consists of a public area, with three talaiots (1000-700 B.C.) standing on top of the hill, plus the taula enclosure next to the middle talaiot, dating from the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.). The capital of this taula was re-used as a tombstone in the late Roman or medieval period. An archaeological dig carried out in 1974 unearthed a bronze Egyptian figure of the god Imhotep, now displayed in the Museum of Menorca together with other ritual objects found on the site. The figure was most likely acquired between the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C.
Read more
 
Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals.Torretrencada talayotic settlement Torretrencada is a Talayotic settlement (1000-700 B.C.) that was occupied until the Roman conquest in 123 B.C. Several of its monuments can still be seen. They include the talayot a seriest of artificial burial caves dug out of the rocky ground and burial chambers carved in the rock, probably dating from the high medieval period. The taula is one of the most beautiful on the island, with a reinforcement pillar at the back, but all that is left of the surrounding wall is a section underneath the modern dry-stone wall. The site dates back to the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.) and was used by the community for performing rituals. Read more
 
Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement Talatí de Dalt is one of the island's most significant prehistoric settlements. It consists of various monuments: an elliptical-shaped conical talaiot, a taula enclosure, an area with dwellings and some caves.
The taula enclosure at Talatí de Dalt is one of the largest and most beautiful in Menorca. It has an unusual aspec, as the pillar and its capital are leaning against the side edge of the centre T, probably because they fell over accidentally. In the 1960s, an archaeological dig documented the characteristic objects used in the rituals held at these sites in the post-Talayotic period (650-123 B.C.), including evidence of fire, the remains of the bones of lambs and kid goats, plus amphorae for wine.
Read more
 
The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.The Rafal Rubí navetas The Rafal Rubí navetas are two tombs of the same type as the Naveta des Tudons, but these are smaller and are unusual in that they are very close to one another. They are group burials with a perforated stone slab at the entrance to the inner chamber, which is split into two levels. Of the two navetas, the east one is in better condition, as the front was restored in the late 1960s, when an archaeological dig was also carried out during which burial goods were found, including pottery items, rhomboid-shaped bronze pendants and part of a torc. The west naveta was excavated in 1977 and the human remains found in the upper chamber were dated to 904 B.C.
The items found are on display in the Museum of Menorca.
Read more
 
One of the interesting things about this monument is that in 1995 it was moved and rebuilt because of runway extension work at Menorca airport. The project was promoted and sponsored by AENA, the Spanish airport authority. The monument originally stood in the Talayotic settlement of Biniparratxet Petit in the south-eastern side of the island, near the town of Sant Lluís. It is currently open to visitors in the gardens of the airport complex.Biniparratxet Petit talayotic house One of the interesting things about this monument is that in 1995 it was moved and rebuilt because of runway extension work at Menorca airport. The project was promoted and sponsored by AENA, the Spanish airport authority. The monument originally stood in the Talayotic settlement of Biniparratxet Petit in the south-eastern side of the island, near the town of Sant Lluís. It is currently open to visitors in the gardens of the airport complex.
It is a typical post-Talayotic dwelling in a good state of preservation and dating from the last stage of the island's Prehistoric era. The house has a central patio and 5 pillars marking out a series of domestic areas for various purposes: handling food, stores and water-catchment systems. In fact, the ground in the patio area contains tanks for storing water and waste items from the house.
Read more
 
  Next


 
Related links
Recommendations
Cultural Events
"Opera Armónica al estilo Italiano"UIMIR Course: "La conservación de la biodiversidad"Taller documental: DOC- MÈDITI Jornadas Gastronómicas de carne de cordero de MenorcaPoetry recital in tribute to Angel Ruiz and Pablo
Christmas program in Es Castell 2013/2014El pou de na PatarràRed Arrows"Dimarts as Migjorn"PNA 2012 + C'M = Artesania ContemporàniaDon Juan Tenorio"Nits al Port de Mo"Bodas de SangreDía Mundial de la TapaEs Migjorn Band concertShow cooking: "Peix de Menorca"Trending Tronching, with Leo Harlem & Sergio OlallaKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauYacine & The Oriental Groove in concertConcert: RUT66Ciutadella walking tourUIMIR Course: El turismo arqueológico, un nicho de turismo especializado en el MediterráneoShow: "Sa Xaranga des Xubec"Maó+ FlorsMonologue: Sara Escudero"Viaje a la Luna"- Circo Gran Fele"Música Oberta": Concert with Belén Roig- soprano and Husan Park-pianistTUTTO VERDI ConcertThe Royal Russell School Chamber Choir in concertSilvia Pérez Cruz and Raül Fernandez MiróTomeu Penya concertThe Billy Young Band- AC/DC TributePablo Alborán in concert"Vi de la Terra" FairMÈDIT, Festival de Cinema Mediterrani de MenorcaTrio "Arrels""Els dimecres es dia de Brou"El TrocaderoConvert: Kiev Portell"Cosmètica natural artesana""Fira del Llibre en català"Party Love in Sant ClimentSeminar: "EL clima del segle XXI""Doce hombres sin piedad"Un món de sonsForum ONLINERS- MenorcaDon Juan TenorioDavid GuapoChristmas program in Es Mercadal and Fornells"El pou de na Patarrà" ConcertElkano Browning CreamRita Barber concertGastronomic days: "Peix de Menorca"Lazareto guided tours 2015La plaza del Diamante con LolitaXI Tapas Route in Es CastellPels PèlsForum de Turismo y GastronomíaConcert: Josu OkiñenaTapas x MenorcaMagic Show: IlusiónMostra de cuina menorquinaUIMIR: "Emprendimiento innovador, microempresa y empleabilidad en red"MenorkidsTourism International DayTremendamenteHistoric Performance Cultural Route"De Llevant a Ponent" - CiutadellaFornells Walking tourCarmenStabat Mater i Quintet de Corda"Diada del poble de Menorca"Joana Pons y sus guitarras concert"Nits al Port"Menorca Aim: Photography WorkshopChamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Mahón walking tourTaller: Ocells de tardorDolça Sodoma meva"Interestelando, el polvo del camino para nunca morir" ShowContemporary Jazz ConcertFlamenco with Dani Morón, Alejandro de Jerez, Jeranys Pérez and Víctor MéndezConcert: Rita BarberConcert: "Estàndards amb GlacéFernando SavaterFull Moon Concert in Torre d'en Galmés Veus per Sant Joan del VergersROSANA- Gira 8 LunasChristmas program in Sant Lluis 2013/2014Lazareto Island guided visits 2013Gastronomic days in Es MercadalNit de Sant AntoniIX Feria del Libro en CatalánTaller: Les plantes medicinals. Per una bona salut física i emocionalMatthew McDaid in concertConcert: Dulce PontesMIRA EL CEL I ESCOLTA... L'ALÈ D'UN POBLEFrancesc d'Albarnca 2014 RouteBinisoundConcert: El Bel Canto de Mariola Cantarero and Simón OrfilaConcert: "Veus líriques de Menorca"Menorca ConquestChristmas program in MahónMusica Reservata and Juan de la RubiaHécubaPink Floyd- Live Experience ConecertGospel GrooveAndrea Motis & Joan Chamorro GroupSergio Dalma returns to the Principal theatre"Nostálgico Café Teatro Salón"Night Market in AlaiorChristmas program in FerreriesConcert of Light OperaThe Gagfather"Nits de música al carrer" 2015"Orfeó-Chef" & "Sueño de una noche de verano"Exhibition: "Joan Miró: La luz de la noche"Christmas program in Alaior 2013/2014Organ concertBerto Romero en Sigue con nosotrosSouvenir Orquestra- Pepino PascualExhibition: "Eines i feines de Camp"Tapas dayII Forum Menorca- Mario AlonsoConcert: Banda de Música des Migjorn GranNight Market in FerreriesMusic on the street Illes Balears celebration day 2015"Vesprades d'Art des Mercadal"Albert Pla & Diego Cortés3, 2, 1 IMPRO con IMPRO XOU en AKELARRE JAZZ DANCE Fira del Camp de MenorcaLatin-jazz and sour concertGigi McFarlane in concertNew Year ConcertGastronomic days: "de Peix"Fridays lent menu!M-SONA Festival"Menorca en el Plato"Motorbreath- Tributo a MetálicaSpanish Guitar RecitalsJam Session con Viat Jam - AKELARRE JAZZ DANCELa IAIA in concertChristmas Concert13th Night Market CraftsmanSanti Millán Live!VII "TROBADA BALEAR DE VEHICULOS ANTIGUOS"Spanish guitar recitalsShow: "Novecento, el so italià al cinema"Concert: Margalida MollTheater: Tres días de diciembreAmantesAgustín "El Casta""Mascles""Aladín, Un musical genial" Concert: Maria Camps i Pere ArguimbauFeria de Abril in Es CastellEl superbarber de SevillaKayak tour in s'Albufera des GrauConcert: Arrels de MenorcaTapas x MenorcaDeep Purple TributeMarina Rossell in concertDe Verden CuandoJornadas Gastronómicas "Menu Km 0"Cala en Porter FiestasSara Pi in concertChristmas program in Es Migjnorn Gran 2013Menorca Craft beer fair Gran MigjornaleTaller documental: DOC- MÈDIT"Mostra de cuina menorquina"Tapas x MenorcaFort Marlborough VisitWorld Tourism DayRosario Flores in concertNew Year ConcertExhibition: "Menorca Contemporània"Chamber orchestra "Illa de Menorca"Concert: Pau Cardona, violonchcehello and Ulyana Popovych, pianoCala en Porter Fiestas Muchachito y sus compadres S'Albufera des Grau walking tour"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Opera and Light Opera concertConcert: "Dues Pedres"Christmas program in Es CastellDurny Sweet in concertOpen Doors Day at Fort MarlboroughMiguel Poveda, singer-song writerMoon RiverConcert conjunt Coral Espígol i Cor de l'Orfeó MaonèsMostra de Cuina MenorquinaConcert: "Trio Barroc""Nits Màgiques" in Es CastellGastronomic days in es Mercadal & FornellsDavid Bisbal in concertConcert: "Trio Barroc"Christmas program in Ferreries 2013/2014UIMIR Course: Diseño y elaboración de Webquest, una propuesta para integrar las TIC en el aulaOpera ConcertSofia Ribeiro Group"Domini Públic"- Roger Benat/FFFPOP Concert "Un Nadal amb Música" ConcertRepresentació històrica Ruta Cultural - Menorca BritánicaConcert: Joana Pons i Ses GuiterresABBEY ROAD - THE BEATLES SHOWCiutadella Monuments ItineraySmooth SoulCarlos Mena and Susana García de SalazarGospel Concert: Moments a CorMarili Machado: una voz, un mar de vidasChristmas ConcertTapas x MenorcaJoan Mesquida Jazz QuartetConcert: Olga RománWorld Tourism DayXVIII Menorcan Horse Breed FairLazareto guided toursTaxiNits de Música al CarrerConcert: Anthony WellingtonII Forum Menorca- Toni NadalVilallonga-PalatchiDavid Russell in concert"Cafe Concert"Summer ConcertThe Billy Young Band- AC&DC TributePatricia KrausLlatzeret a les teves mans. The Anniversary of Lazareto. Don't miss out!Olivia y EugenioSherlock Holmes y el cuadro mágicoHeidiDance: "Para raptar abarzos"X Anniversary Celebration "Art in Moviment"Concert: "De Camí a Betlem"Ensemble MéridienExhibition "Like no place else. Menorca and tourism 1911-2017"La Bella HelenaDimarts as MigjornKnowing the sea kayaking"Aprende a guiar rutas de esnórquel" CourseShanti & Joan Mesquida Big Band: Night and dayLa núvia d’Algendar"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"XXV Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaFidewá + Dj Flowers ConcertMercat de nit artesà- AlaiorThe best Tribute to Queen" SA CARTA "Music & Painting Fusion IIViejóvenesConcert: "Un Nadal clàssic"Cabosanroque- Cabo and Roque"Moments a Cor" concert1st POP-ROCK SHOW-Fetival Menorca 2014La Vie, L'amour concertGuided visits in Centre Artesal de MenorcaCor de l'Orfeó MaonèsXXVI Escuela de Salud Pública de MenorcaChristmas program in Es Migjorn"Joana Pons amb ses guitarres" ConcertSiniestro TotalJosé Domingo in concertCris Juanico Concert"Vuelta y Vuelta" returns to PrincipalCafé Soul QuartetEls EnamoratsVandalis "L'alegria que passa" & "Lord of the flies"Jaume Tugores Trios concert"Quatre Passeigs per Maó"Concert: Nicola Benedetti, violinGuided Visits around Es MercadalInternational Museum DayQuè ens està passant?Kiko VenenoU2 Experience"De Llevant a Ponent" - MaóVaca' Street ArtGastronomic Fair "GastroMô"Opera: La TraviataII Menorcan Lamb special gastronomic daysWorld Dance DayII Ruta Mô de "tapas"Conference with Ramon GenerExhibition: "L'Art comença amb els teus ulls"Marina" Empresa turística y contratación: una visión práctica" Course"Quatre Passeigs per Maó""Ilusión"Pascuala Ilabaca y Faunat in concertHistoric Performance Cultural RouteCenicienta"Herodes, Rei"The Nutcracker SuiteConcert: Olga RománConcert: Lluis SintesAlaire"Las dunas"Recital Lírico a beneficio de la Fundación Vicente FerrerJungle Book, the musical"El dia Més Curt"Love of Lesbian in concertMenorca Aim: Photography WorkshopBroadway Festival Alaior 2013LUZ CASAL in concertEl Estanque DoradoPainting Exhibition: A. López Navarro“Soldier’s Tale” (Igor Stravinsky)Carmen MorenteLove Party 2013Mercat de nit - FerreriesMèdit 6-Mediterranean Film Festival of MenorcaSpring ConcertThe British FairPainting exhibition "The Seas Islands"The Mimmisikous BandNON STOP Gospel"Vino y Besos a crédito"Celebration of the National Day of Andalucia 2015Víctor Ullate BalletGuided tour in s'Albufera des GrauChristmas program in Mahón 2013/2014Concert: "Txarango""Cantam nadales amb Cap Pela"Carlos Latre ShowCruz y Raya+ Flamenco ShowEquestrian Show Somni de Menorca TalaiòticaPedra Viva 2015- Lithica"Menorca en el plato"Quartet GerhardEdgar and Adrian German Plain, poetic jazz improvisation"Els dimecres es dia de Brou"Concert: Quintet FrontelaRamon Coll ConcertDivinas presenta ParadísMahón MedievalChristmas program in AlaiorCarmen Morente, bailaoraChamber Music Orchestra of the Island of Menorca (OCIM)
More...
Menorca Cultural
 
 
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
VIDEOS OF MENORCA
THE WEATHER IN MENORCA
FOLLOW US ON